With its pre-defined HTML and CSS classes, Bootstrap offers a basic and robust structure for building visually appealing and responsive websites. This blog gives an overview of the latest Bootstrap 5, its features, and the installation process.
Everything about Bootstrap 5
Bootstrap 5 is built on Bootstrap 4 with major upgrades. Released in December 2020, Bootstrap 5 is the latest version and has been designed to create responsive websites and applications faster. With improved performance, design systems, and enhanced features, it assists developers in quickly building modern websites and applications.
Against its previous release, Bootstrap 5 offers a better flexbox grid system, improved media query support, enhanced utility classes, and more. With these new features, it is easier to create responsive websites with minimal effort.
The new version also provides better support for web accessibility standards so that all users can access the content on your website or application regardless of their device or browser.
Bootstrap 5 Features
Bootstrap 5 includes a range of features and improvements over its previous version, Bootstrap 4. Some of the key features of Bootstrap 5 are:
Enhanced Grid System
Bootstrap’s grid system now provides all six default breakpoints including the new addition of making extra extra large components.
Extra small (xs)
Extra large (xl)
Extra extra large (XXL)
Gutters are the padding between the columns. This is used for responsive space and to align content in the Bootstrap grid system.
In Bootstrap 4, the gutter width (space between columns) can be adjusted based on the screen size by using breakpoint-specific padding and negative margin utility classes.
For example, you can use .px-* and .ml-* classes to add or remove horizontal padding and margin respectively
However, in Bootstrap 5, the gutter classes have been replaced with new .g* utilities, which function similarly to the margin and padding utilities. The .g* utilities allow you to add custom gutters between columns or elements, giving you greater control over the layout of your page.
Redesigned Form Controls
In Bootstrap 4, the form controls such as input fields, text areas, and select elements, are given a standardized look and feel using the global styling of Bootstrap. These elements, when given the class of .form-control, will have a width of 100% and be styled consistently across all screen sizes and devices. This helps to create a unified look for webforms, making it easier to design and develop them.
With Bootstrap 5, the grid system took the role of the form-group class. As a result, customized rendering will be easier to achieve and more consistent across browsers and devices.
Expanded Color Palette
With Bootstrap 4, you can use custom CSS, SaSS variables, SaSS maps, and a basic set of color palettes to customize your project, allowing you to add gradients, shadows, and other effects.
With an extended color system built-in to Bootstrap 5, the bootstrap development theme enlarged the color pallet. The style and feel of your app may now be easily customized without leaving the codebase.
Bootstrap 4 vs Bootstrap 5
Bootstrap 4 or 5, which one is better? Let’s quickly compare both versions and understand what’s new.
5 default responsive grid tiers are used to define the breakpoints for different screen sizes named as xs, sm, md, lg,xl.
6 default responsive grid tiers are used to define the breakpoints for different screen sizes named as xs, sm, md, lg, xl, xxl.
Uses jQuery first because it depends on it before utilizing bootstrap
Limited color supports.
Displays .gutter with px-sized font
No preset responsive font size offered
Has responsive default font size that enables text responsive scaling across all viewports and devices
Displays .gutter with the px-sized font. Standard: 30 px
It has .g* with font size in rem introduced. With additional control over gutter width, the default is 2rem.
By default, the column supports position is relative
Relative by default is no longer supported.
Doesn’t provide an icon for the bootstrap library.
Gives its own icon library. Uses SVG icons
Provides a card deck (creates a grid of cards with equal height and width).
It no longer supports card decks as a grid in Bootstrap 5 and provides more responsive control as compared to Bootstrap 4.
Offers form-row classes with a narrow gutter.
Lacks form-row classes and relies on gutter classes for spacing support.
CSS Custom Properties and Variable
Does not offer any unique customization options for its components or layout configurations like table components.
Offers a choice of CSS custom properties for components and layout options.
How to install Bootstrap 5
One can either download the source code and compile it or include it directly in a project using a package manager such as npm or yarn.
If the project has a small scope and does not require extensive customization, using the Content Delivery Network (CDN) is a preferred option.
This saves the hassle of downloading and hosting the files on the server, making the process convenient & faster. Additionally, CDN allows quick bug fixes and easier access to new features without manual file updates.
To summarize, Bootstrap 5 got it all to make a perfect union by combining the best of both the bootstrap 3 and 4 versions. New features and functionality has made version 5 the primary choice of front-end developers. Being lightweight and less code intensive makes Bootstrap 5 a developer-friendly framework.
It is also more customizable and flexible. It is easy to implement the design patterns, easy to alter the layouts, and even easier to extend. These features make bootstrap 5 more suited to be used in any development project.
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