By: Akshita
September 21 2018

CMS Comparison 2018: Drupal vs Umbraco

Like every organization, you want yours to build around consistent and successful marketing operations. The choice of your CMS has a lot to do with the execution of the successful marketing campaigns. 

Dynamic organizational goals need dynamic sites. Which raises the bar high when selecting the CMS of your choice. 

Comes along the cost involved in all aspects. 

In the comparison series, today, we have Drupal (open source software) vs Umbraco (proprietary software).

Here’s to choose between Drupal and Umbraco. Which one serves your needs better? Read on to know more. 

But first, let’s have a look at the market share of each CMS. 

Market Share of Umbraco vs Drupal 

market share of drupal and umbraco in graph
Source: W3Techs
graph with dots depicting the position of the CMS
Source: W3Techs
HORIZONTAL GRAPH SHOWING THE COMPARISON BETWEEN DRUPAL AND UMBRCO
Source: Similartech


Drupal has better usage coverage in more websites categories. Including Business & Industry, Arts & Entertainment, People & Society, Career & Education, and 242 other categories. In other words, Umbraco hasn't got a lead over Drupal in any websites category.

Let’s get to the actual comparison. 

Round One: The Cost

sketch of a hand holding coins


Umbraco is an open source software built on top of Microsoft’s .NET Framework. Umbraco is completely free, opensource content management framework. 

Umbraco add-ons range from free to a licensing fee either per domain, per server, or a lifetime license. The licensing is covered under MIT license which means you can do whatever you want as long as you include the original copyright and license notice in any copy of the software/source. 

But as one of the person writes in one of his answers “Umbraco as a core product is free and the cost of the website depends on how much time it will take you to build the website...you need to include the cost of spending money on commercial add-ons”.

Drupal, on the other hand, is also an open source software. Free to use, re-use, and distribute. Drupal modules (add-ons) are free too. 

The Drupal.org (official Drupal website) writes it as “...It's built on principles like collaboration, globalism, and innovation. It's distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL). There are no licensing fees, ever. Drupal will always be free.”

It's a tie!

Round Two: Editing Experience

At the heart of marketing lies content. 

a white stylus pen on a tab


A marketing CMS streamlines the work involved in creating new content in unprecedented ways. That is why your CMS needs to offer the right and intuitive kind of editing experience. 

Creating content is easy in Drupal. Authoring with WYSIWYG features is designed to keep content creation neat and ordered. It provides the preview and drag-and-drop image uploads option. And when you need to make quick changes with in-context editing it is easier. 

Not just this, it is available in 100 languages. You don’t have to limit your audience to one specific demography or language. 

With the help of a CKEditor feature built specifically for Drupal, you can more easily control details like image alignment and captions right from the palm of your hand.

By default, the editor enforces clean markup and has formatting tools disabled. In case you are looking to change the settings or editing buttons you just need to use a drag-and-drop configuration UI for adding and removing editor buttons.

Editing is indeed intuitive in Umbraco. 

It is easier to just add the content and rearrange it accordingly. Working on Drupal’s text editor for more than a year, it has been a breath of fresh air (no offense, Drupal community). Adding multimedia content is easy.

Not just this, you can also see the preview of your content on different sites with Umbraco’ unique Responsive Preview. Even before it is live. 

This ensures that the visitors experience the content the way you want them to. Adjustments are easy to make too. 

Another thing that adds is that as an editor you can always rollback to an older version. It’s like an infinite undo button. (@Drupal we need this.)

The built-in Umbraco Image Cropper ensures that your images are presented as you want. With the focal point you simply point and click on the most important thing in the image and the image is automatically resized and cropped so as to fit perfectly on any device while ensuring that the most important thing stays in focus. 

Drupal’s Focal Point module promises similar functionality but it needs to be added later. 

Both offer the option to schedule the content. 

Umbraco Wins! 


Round Three: Practicing Accessibility

a pair of hands on a black board drawing with white chalk


It is very important that as an organization you don’t happen to miss any of your audience, not even by ignorance. 

Drupal 8 provides web accessibility out-of-the-box and it is mandatory. Not just this you could even mark content regions with attributes with HTML5 semantic markup. 

Navigation is simpler by identifying menus, banners, and ancillary content areas, and letting keyboard users move through them more easily. Drupal 8 puts these methods to work in a new admin toolbar that adapts to different screen widths, and is easier for people with screen readers to use.

Umbraco, although, provides accessibility features like alt text sadly they are optional. Accessibility is something that should be part of the general web development practices, and clearly Drupal ensures the discrimination doesn’t happen, as a choice. 

Drupal Wins!


Round Four: Community Support

The Drupal Community is one of the largest open source communities in the world. The community support involves documentation creation, sharing networking opportunities, and more. The sheer commitment to the open source spirit pushes the Drupal project forward.

Around 1,300 agencies provide Drupal services across the globe (according to Drupal.org) and more than 3,200 contributors are working right now to improve the platform. 

Community support of Umbraco is no different. The official website tells us that they currently have an active community of over 200,000 “Umbracians” worldwide ready to share their experience and knowledge with others.

They take pride that the online community transcends to and becomes real gatherings all over the world in the form of local Umbraco meetups and even Festivals. 

It’s a Tie!
 

Round Five: Installation Profile

a tab with downloading option


Getting started with the Umbraco? It provides you with two options - Clean website and the one with a demo. However good the intentions were a clean slate can be a bit overwhelming for some, especially if they’re new to Umbraco.

Drupal - the latest 8.6 version provides with a starter kit - a basic site with a sleek minimalistic design of a food magazine. Learn and play with it. Set the features as you want. 

This makes it easy to customize and see how Drupal features set in. See if it fits your needs. 

Drupal Wins!


Round Six: Headless/ API first

white headless robot


An API first or Headless CMS simply lets you hit publish and your changes will automatically update on mobile apps, on store displays, flat screens, websites, even on smartwatches. 

A feature that you can’t afford to miss especially when there are numerous screen types today. 

Umbraco promises that its headless “helps you edit the content easily in one place, and it is updated across your webshop, website, campaign sites and on displays on every screen.” 
 
Umbraco Headless helps you enable power for other types of websites with Umbraco such as Single Page Application or websites running on a different platform than .NET. 

Problem? 

The community is very close to having everything in place for the official launch of Umbraco Headless. It is not yet launched. All Hype, Nothing Fruitful

Drupal 8 core has out-of-the-box REST API that allows operators to interact with content entities like taxonomy terms, nodes, users, and comments.

Drupal 8 has Contenta (a Drupal distribution) and Reservoir, two of the API-first initiative. Various contributed modules allow you to add web services to a Drupal installation without the need for writing code. 

For instance, Developers can use Services module and the RESTful Web Services module to configure a server for enabling the Drupal installation to push or allow data that is to be pulled as needed with the help of REST API. No matter whether the action is a push or pull, Drupal is the services layer. 

Drupal Wins! 

Round Seven: Training and Understanding 

a file with tags on it


Umbraco.TV will help you go from zero to Umbraco hero at a pace that suits you. The easy to follow online training videos + written docs will give you the fundamental knowledge to start building awesome Umbraco websites, without burning a hole in your pocket.

Drupal has a steep learning curve. True that! 

But the content is easily available on the web. You can access learning material on Acquia, OSTraining, and Drupalize.me. Leaving Drupalize.me aside both the sources are free and available for all. 

It’s a Tie!


Round Eight: Hosting and Deployment

Drupal is hosting-service agnostic which can be deployed to any hosting service that supports PHP-based web applications. It stores the site configuration data in a consistent manner. It is easy to move configuration between environments like development, test and production environments.

Umbraco solutions are typically hosted by Microsoft Azure. To aid in deployment to Azure, Umbraco comes with an Azure toolkit consisting of ready-to-run command scripts, performance optimisation configurations, security essentials and many more. 

Being hosting-service agnostic, Drupal does the better job in this category.

Drupal Wins!

Drupal vs Umbraco Comparison

Features

Drupal 

Umbraco 

Cost

OpenSource, Free to use

OpenSource; Free to use

Editing

WYSIWYG CKEditor 

Intuitive editing 

Accessibility

Mandatory 

Not Mandatory

Community Support

Worldwide community support

Worldwide community support

Installation profile

With content

Without content

Headless Initiative

Architecture is supportive of Headless

Doesn't support headless architecture 

Training and Understanding

Learning material on Acquia, OSTraining, and Drupalize.me

Umbraco TV 

Hosting

Works well with any hosting service that supports PHP-based web applications

Typically hosted by Microsoft Azure


Conclusion

Every CMS has its own set of advantages. The choice of CMS is generally influenced by what your web project’s requirements are. The questions that follow are: What functionality or features are needed? 

In my opinion, Drupal has a bonus point for maintaining a modules directory that lets you search and manage the content. 

It's easier to customize components—views, lists, blocks, admin tools, and more—than ever before. Control how data is displayed without using a single line of code.

Drop a mail at [email protected] to discuss your business goals.